What Is the Main Message of The Hobbit?

What Is the Main Message of The Hobbit?

“The Hobbit,” a timeless fantasy novel penned by J.R.R. Tolkien, has captivated readers for generations with its enchanting narrative and richly imagined world. Set in the mythical realm of Middle-earth, this literary masterpiece follows the journey of Bilbo Baggins, a humble and unadventurous hobbit, as he embarks on an epic quest filled with danger, discovery, and personal transformation.

While the story is undoubtedly an adventure tale, it carries a profound and enduring message that transcends the boundaries of fiction. In this exploration, we will delve into the main message of “The Hobbit,” uncovering the deeper layers of its narrative, characters, and themes.

What Is the Main Message of The Hobbit?

“The Hobbit” by J.R.R. Tolkien is a classic work of fantasy literature that imparts several intertwined messages and themes, making it a rich and multi-layered narrative. While it is a captivating adventure story set in a mythical world, its main messages can be summarized as follows:

  1. The Hero’s Journey and Self-Discovery: At its core, “The Hobbit” is a hero’s journey, with Bilbo Baggins as the unlikely hero. The main message here is that heroism can be found in even the most unassuming of individuals. Bilbo, a quiet and home-loving hobbit, embarks on a perilous adventure and discovers untapped reserves of courage, resourcefulness, and resilience within himself. This message reminds us that we are capable of more than we initially believe, and personal growth often occurs when we step out of our comfort zones.
  2. The Value of Friendship and Cooperation: Throughout the novel, Bilbo forms close bonds with a diverse group of characters, including the dwarves and Gandalf. Their cooperation, trust, and camaraderie are essential for overcoming the challenges they face. This highlights the message that unity and working together can lead to success, emphasizing the importance of friendship, teamwork, and mutual support.
  3. Resisting Greed and Corruption: The character of Thorin Oakenshield, the dwarf leader, undergoes a transformation from a noble leader to one consumed by greed and power. His downfall serves as a cautionary tale, illustrating the corrupting influence of wealth and the destructive consequences of greed. Tolkien’s message here is a critique of the negative effects of materialism and the importance of staying true to one’s principles.
  4. Environmental Stewardship: Tolkien’s deep love for nature is evident throughout the novel. The journey takes the characters through a variety of landscapes, and the author emphasizes the beauty and importance of the natural world. This message encourages readers to appreciate and protect the environment, recognizing the intrinsic value of nature.
  5. The Battle Between Good and Evil: “The Hobbit” introduces readers to the broader conflict in Tolkien’s Middle-earth, setting the stage for the events of “The Lord of the Rings.” The presence of the malevolent dragon Smaug and the ancient evil of the Necromancer foreshadow a larger struggle between good and evil. This theme underscores the idea that darkness and evil can be present even in the most idyllic of settings, and that individuals must stand up against tyranny and injustice.
  6. The Importance of Stories and Legends: Throughout the narrative, Bilbo’s adventure becomes the stuff of legend and is recounted in the larger context of Tolkien’s legendarium. This emphasizes the significance of storytelling, oral tradition, and the passing down of tales through generations. It also suggests that even seemingly ordinary events can become epic stories with the power to inspire and unite people.

“The Hobbit” is a masterful work of fantasy literature with a wealth of messages and themes. While it is an adventure story on the surface, it imparts timeless lessons about personal growth, the importance of friendship and cooperation, the dangers of greed, environmental stewardship, the battle between good and evil, and the enduring power of storytelling. These messages continue to resonate with readers of all ages, making “The Hobbit” a beloved and enduring classic.

Worldviews of Thorin and Bilbo in The Hobbit

In “The Hobbit” by J.R.R. Tolkien, Thorin Oakenshield and Bilbo Baggins have distinct worldviews that evolve throughout the story.

Thorin Oakenshield’s Worldview: Thorin initially embodies a traditional dwarven worldview, heavily influenced by a desire to reclaim his homeland, the Lonely Mountain (Erebor), from the dragon Smaug. He places great importance on the dwarves’ heritage, the recovery of their treasure, and his own lineage as a descendant of Thrain.

Thorin’s worldview is also marked by a fixation on wealth and a desire for revenge against Smaug. However, as the story progresses, his obsession with treasure and power leads to conflicts with other races and ultimately contributes to his downfall.

Bilbo Baggins’ Worldview: Bilbo’s worldview is initially shaped by the comfortable, predictable life of a hobbit in the Shire. He values his home, good food, and a peaceful existence. His reluctance to join the dwarves on their quest stems from his fear of the unknown.

However, as he faces challenges and adventures, his worldview gradually shifts. Bilbo discovers courage, resourcefulness, and a sense of responsibility. He begins to value friendship, trust, and the beauty of the world beyond the Shire. By the end of the story, Bilbo’s worldview has expanded to embrace a wider perspective on life and the world.

Main Theme of The Hobbit

The main theme of “The Hobbit” is the hero’s journey and personal growth. Bilbo Baggins, the unlikely hero, undergoes significant character development as he embarks on a quest far beyond his comfort zone. Throughout the story, Bilbo learns to overcome his fears, adapt to new challenges, and discover strengths he never knew he possessed. This theme illustrates that heroism can emerge from the most unexpected places and that one’s true worth is often hidden until tested in adversity.

Bilbo’s Transformation Throughout the Story

Bilbo’s transformation in “The Hobbit” is central to the narrative. At the beginning, he is a timid and unadventurous hobbit, content with a peaceful life. However, as he joins the dwarves on their quest to reclaim the Lonely Mountain, Bilbo’s character evolves significantly. He becomes more courageous, resourceful, and clever in the face of danger.

Bilbo’s encounter with Gollum in the dark caves beneath the Misty Mountains and his role in the Battle of the Five Armies showcase his growth as a character. By the end of the story, he returns to the Shire as a more confident and adventurous hobbit, proving that even the most unlikely individuals can become heroes.

Difference Between Bilbo and the Dwarves’ Reactions to Rivendell

Rivendell, the Last Homely House, is a sanctuary of peace and beauty. Bilbo is enchanted by the serene environment and the hospitality of the elves. He appreciates the respite and takes in the splendor of the place. The elves’ values of art, song, and lore align with Bilbo’s growing appreciation for the world beyond the Shire.

In contrast, the dwarves are more focused on their quest to regain their homeland. They see Rivendell as a temporary stop on their journey and are eager to continue their mission. They are polite but not particularly enchanted by the elven way of life. This difference in reaction highlights the varying priorities and perspectives of the characters.

Elrond’s Perspective on the Dwarves’ Love of Gold and Dragons’ Wickedness

Elrond, the elf lord of Rivendell, expresses concern about the dwarves’ love of gold and the wickedness of dragons when the company arrives at his sanctuary. He warns them of the dangers associated with their quest for treasure and the potential consequences of arousing the dragon Smaug.

Elrond’s perspective reflects a broader theme in Tolkien’s works about the corrupting influence of greed and the destructive nature of dragons. Dragons, in Middle-earth lore, are often associated with avarice and destruction, and Elrond’s cautionary words foreshadow the challenges the company will face.

Values Important to the Elves in The Hobbit

In “The Hobbit,” the elves of Rivendell exemplify values such as artistry, wisdom, and a deep connection with nature. They are skilled in music, poetry, and healing arts. The elves appreciate beauty and harmony, and their way of life reflects a profound respect for the natural world.

They are also known for their longevity and a sense of timelessness, which is contrasted with the shorter-lived races like humans and hobbits. The elves’ values underscore the contrast between the more materialistic and shorter-term goals of the dwarves and the deeper, timeless perspective of the elves.

Tolkien’s Portrayal of Goblins in The Hobbit

In “The Hobbit,” Tolkien portrays goblins as malevolent creatures who dwell in the Misty Mountains. They are characterized by their grotesque appearance, cunning, and cruelty. Led by the Great Goblin, they capture the dwarves and Bilbo in the caves.

Goblins represent one of the many dangers and adversaries that the company faces on their journey. Tolkien’s depiction of goblins aligns with traditional folklore and mythology, where such creatures often symbolize chaos and darkness, serving as antagonists in heroic tales.

The Dragon Spell in The Hobbit and Dwarves’ Susceptibility

The dragon spell in “The Hobbit” is a subtle enchantment that Smaug, the dragon guarding the Lonely Mountain, casts over the treasure hoard. It is a spell of greed, which makes those who come into contact with the treasure possessive and obsessed with it.

Dwarves, being natural miners and lovers of precious metals and gems, are particularly susceptible to this spell. Thorin and his company, upon seeing the vast treasure, become increasingly fixated on reclaiming it, to the point of irrationality. This susceptibility to the dragon’s spell becomes a central conflict in the story, as it threatens to corrupt their noble quest.

Central Theme of The Hobbit (Reiteration)

The central theme of “The Hobbit” is the hero’s journey and personal growth. Bilbo Baggins, an ordinary hobbit, is thrust into an extraordinary adventure, where he evolves from a timid and unadventurous individual into a brave and resourceful hero. The story emphasizes that courage, resilience, and personal transformation can occur in the most unexpected places and that one’s true character shines in the face of adversity.

Loyalty as an Important Theme in the First Nine Chapters of The Hobbit

In the first nine chapters of “The Hobbit,” loyalty emerges as a crucial theme. Bilbo, despite his initial reluctance to join the dwarves on their quest, remains loyal to their cause. He risks his life to save them from various dangers, including trolls, goblins, and spiders. Similarly, the dwarves, though initially skeptical of Bilbo’s abilities, come to value his presence and loyalty on their journey.

This theme of loyalty highlights the importance of trust and camaraderie among the characters, even in the face of daunting challenges. It foreshadows the deep bonds that will be tested and solidified as the company faces greater perils on their quest to reclaim the Lonely Mountain and its treasure.


In conclusion, “The Hobbit” is a literary gem that imparts a multitude of valuable lessons, but at its core, its main message can be distilled into a few fundamental principles. It teaches us the transformative power of adventure and stepping out of one’s comfort zone, the importance of friendship and camaraderie in the face of adversity, and the enduring value of wisdom over greed.

What Is the Main Message of The Hobbit?

Moreover, it emphasizes the idea that even the most unassuming individuals possess untapped reservoirs of courage and resourcefulness. Bilbo Baggins, the unassuming hobbit who becomes an unlikely hero, embodies these ideals and serves as an enduring symbol of the human capacity for growth, resilience, and heroism.

As readers journey through the enchanting pages of “The Hobbit,” they are reminded that life’s greatest treasures often lie beyond the boundaries of the familiar, waiting to be discovered by those who dare to embark on their own heroic quests.Consider reading >>> Which Is Best: Lord of the Rings or Game of Thrones? to learn more.


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